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Intellectual integrity of students

Good practices and resources

Are you striving for irreproachable intellectual integrity? This objective will contribute to your academic success and help develop your managerial skills.
This page introduces you to the good practices and resources that will help you achieve your goals, while making it possible for you to avoid situations that would put you at risk of committing an academic violation.


Learn all about integrity and unethical behavior

Take time to understand the concept of intellectual integrity by visiting the following page: Intellectual Integrity at HEC Montréal. It provides the definition, explains the related issues and describes the School’s actions in this regard.

Also learn which behaviors are deemed unethical, the sanctions they may invite for you, and the procedures for reviewing violations. The academic violations page summarizes the information contained in the Regulation regarding the intellectual integrity of students.


Question your professors

A doubt about an assignment to be submitted? A question regarding methodology? Don’t hesitate to talk to your professors. Their solid expertise equips them to handle matters of intellectual integrity! They will be able to give you the best advice and guide you towards the resources you need.


Teamwork, collaboration: beware!

Teamwork and collaborations sometimes give rise to academic violations.


  • Choose your teammates wisely and be careful about discussing their contributions.
  • If you are tempted to commit a violation, think of those who might suffer as a result of your violation.

Collaboration: precautions to be taken

It is normal for students to exchange ideas in the course of their learning process. But an individual assignment should be the result of the efforts and learning of the person writing it.

Two people who collaborate on an individual assignment may commit an academic violation without being aware of it. For example, this can happen if they both contribute to the achievement of results, by sharing their files or by continuing their discussions until there is consensus on the exact approach and response. In such a case, it is no longer an individual assignment: a part of one student’s work has been done by the other student.

A doubt? Discuss it with your teachers: they will be able to specify the conditions for an acceptable collaboration.


Learn how to properly cite your sources… and evaluate yourself

Your work requires you to regularly consult the output of various authors: texts, videos, statistics, etc.
You will often pick up these authors’ ideas and opinions, or even the data they have collected: sometimes in your own words, other times literally. In the latter case, you must cite your sources with utmost rigor, otherwise you could be at risk of committing plagiarism.

A practical guide

The guide Citing your sources is available at the School library. It will teach you why, when and how to cite. This guide is full of examples and practical advice.

A quiz to evaluate yourself

You think you know everything about citing properly? Or, do you perhaps doubt your knowledge? The library gives you the chance to evaluate your practices and modify them as needed.

Take the quiz


Dive right into the Students Services toolbox

Lack of preparation, disorganization, poor concentration, psychological problems: these factors may explain why some people adopt unethical behavior, especially during exams.

Study help tools

Student Services provides you with many study support tools. These practical tools will help you prepare for these challenges and become more efficient.

The main topics are as follows: 

  • Attention and concentration
  • Effective studying and learning methods
  • Stress management
  • Time management and organization
  • Motivation
  • Preparing for exams
Consult the collection of guides and videos 


Psychological support

HEC Montréal's psychological support professionals provide students with free and confidential services including psychological evaluation, references, and where possible, short-term counseling.

Grounds for intellectual integrity-related counselling:

  • Anxiety problems
  • Stress management
  • Motivation issues
  • Integration difficulties
  • Any study-related problems or situations that students can’t solve on their own

Find out about psychological support services 



Learn best practices for using an artificial intelligence tool (e.g., ChatGPT)

In each of your courses and for each type of evaluation, check with your teacher to find out whether students are permitted to use an artificial intelligence tool and, if so, to what extent or under what conditions. If you use an artificial intelligence tool without their permission, it could be considered an academic violation (Sections 2.1 and 8.3 of the Regulation on student intellectual integrity).  

If you use content generated by an artificial intelligence tool for an evaluation, you must clearly disclose this by citing your source. Subject to future APA guidance, here is how to quote when using an artificial intelligence tool: 

Do the same thing if you use different artificial intelligence tools. 

Be sure to detail the nature of your contribution in relation to the AI-generated content and specify the prompts or instructions provided to the tool. You must be able to take a position and think critically about the content used. Remember that artificial intelligence does not in any way replace your judgement, your ability to solve complex problems, your communication skills, or your expertise.  

Keep in mind that there are limits to AI chatbots—while very powerful, they are also imperfect. It is important to understand that such tools can also produce incorrect or biased answers based on the data on which they were trained. Get into the habit of double checking answers against other sources.  

Based loosely on the article by Ethan Mollick and Lilach Mollick, “Why All Our Classes Suddenly Became AI Classes.” Harvard Business Publishing Education, February 8, 2023

Intellectual integrity of students > Good practices and resources