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Disability, Disorder and Impairment

  

The administrative category "person with a major functional disability" refers to a person experiencing significant, persistent limitations in daily life. These limitations can have an impact on work and study opportunities. 

Hearing impairment

Organic impairment

Motor impairment

Visual impairment

Learning disabilities

Attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder

Language and speech impairment

Mental health disorder

Pervasive developmental disorder

    
 

Hearing impairment

People who have hearing loss vary in terms of the degree of their degree of disability. Some are deaf from birth, some are deafened, and some are hard of hearing. Hearing loss can be experienced either as a problem of transmission or one of perception. 

There is severe or profound hearing loss when the ear with the highest auditory capacity has an average conductive hearing loss of at least 70 decibels for sound frequencies of 500, 1000 or 2000 Hz.

Source : AQICESH

 

Useful links

Association des devenus sourds et malentendants du Québec (ADSMQ) - in French only

Canadian Hard of Hearing Association (CHHA)

Canadian Association of the Deaf (CAD)

Association du Québec pour enfant avec problème auditif (AQEPA) - in French only

Centre de la communauté sourde du Montréal métropolitain (CCSMM) - in French only

Centre québécois de la déficience auditive (CQDA) - in French only 

Entendre-mieux.com - in French only 

Fondation des sourds du Québec - in French only 

Institut Raymond-Dewar - in French only 

Canadian Hearing Society (CHS)

  


Hearing devices program, Régie de l'assurance maladie du Québec (RAMQ)

   

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Organic impairment

An organic impairment is a disorder or anomaly in the internal organs. The internal organs are the cardio-respiratory, neurological, circulatory, endocrine or immune, and gastrointenstinal organ systems. A physical disability significantly and persistently impedes the persons affected by them from performing everyday activities.

Source : AQICESH and Université de Laval

 

Useful links

Canadian Epilepsy Alliance (CEA)

Association québécoise des personnes de petite taille (AQPPT)

Association québécoise du syndrome de la Tourette (AQST) - in French only 

Quebec Lung Association

Diabetes Québec

Cystic Fibrosis Canada

Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of Canada (CCFC)

Fondation québecoise du cancer  - in French only 

Fondation québecoise du SIDA (FQSIDA)

Canadian Cancer Society (Quebec division)

Canadian AIDS Society

   

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Motor impairment

A motor impairment is a disorder that significantly and persistently impairs the everyday mobility or agility of the person affected. It includes malformation or anomaly in the skeletal, muscular or neurological systems, which are responsible for motor skills.

Source : AQICESH

 

Useful links

Canadian Association for Familial Ataxias

Quebec Cerebral Palsy Association

Association québécoise de Fibromyalgie (AQF) - in French only

Association québécoise des traumatisés crâniens (AQTC)

Spina Bifida and Hydrocephalus Association of Quebec

Muscular Dystrophy Canada

The Arthristis Society

Mobility Matters in MS (Multiple Sclerosis)

Moelle épinière et motricité Québec (formerly Quebec Paraplegic Association)

Multiple Sclerosis Society of Canada (Quebec Division)

   

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Visual impairment

Visual impairment does not always indicate blindness. The term includes various situations and diverse disabilities that depend on three factors: (1) the nature and kind of disability, (2) its degree, and (3) the age at which it appears.

Visual impairment is characterized as serious or profound when 

  • the visual acuity of each eye, after correction with appropriate ophthalmic lenses, with the exception of special optical systems and increases greater than 4.00 diopters, is no more than 6/21; 
  • or when the field of vision of each eye is less than 60 degrees in the meridians of 180 degrees and 90 degrees,;
  • and when, in either case, the person is incapable of reading, writing or moving in an unfamiliar environment.

Source : AQICESH

 

Useful links

Quebec Foundation for the Blind

MIRA Foundation

Canadian National Institute for the Blind (CNIB)

Institut Nazareth & Louis Braille - in French only 

Regroupement des aveugles et amblyopes du Québec (RAAQ) - in French only     


Visual Devices, Régie de l'assurance maladie du Québec (RAMQ)

     

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Learning disabilities

Learning disabilities involve cognitive limitations. These limitations can affect your ability to pay attention, to read, to write, to store and recall information, to communicate, to reason and to control your behaviour.

Source : AQICESH

 

This video was produced by the Comité Interordres (in French only).

 

Useful links

Psychological & Educational Services (CCPE) - Psychological and neuropsychological services intended for collegial and university students.

Association des orthopédagogues du Québec (ADOQ) - Find a member in private practise - in French only

Association québécoise des troubles d’apprentissage (AQETA) - in French only    

Canadian Dyslexia Centre (CDC)

Learning Disabilities Association of Canada (LDAC)

Centre d'évaluation neuropsychologique et d'orientation pédagogique (CENOP) - in French only

Centre étudiant de soutien à la réussite (CÉSAR) de l'UdeM - in French only

Clinique d'évaluation neuropsychologique et des troubles d'apprentissage de Montréal (CENTAM)  - website in French only; services offered in English   

Clinique universitaire de psychologie du départemetn de psychologie de l'Université de Montréal  - in French only

     

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Attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder

Attention deficit disorder, with or without hyperactivity, is a neurological disorder. It results in difficulties controlling one's ideas (inattention), gestures (restlessness), and behaviours (impulsivity). 

Source : AQICESH

 

This video was produced by the Comité Interordres (in French only).

 

Useful links

Psychological & Educational Services (CCPE) - Psychological and neuropsychological services intended for collegial and university students.

Association des orthopédagogues du Québec (ADOQ) - Find a member in private practise - in French only

Centre d'évaluation neuropsychologique et d'orientation pédagogique (CENOP) - in French only

Centre étudiant de soutien à la réussite (CÉSAR) de l'UdeM - in French only

Centre for ADHD awareness, Canada (CADDAC)

Canadian Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Resource Alliance (CADDRA)

Clinique d'évaluation neuropsychologique et des troubles d'apprentissage de Montréal (CENTAM) - website in French only; services offered in English

Clinique TDAH de Montréal - in French only

Clinique universitaire de psychologie du départemetn de psychologie de l'Université de Montréal  - in French only

Le TDA/H chez l'adulte - in French only    

Le TDA/H (Dr Hal Elliott) - in French only    

Les déficients attentionnels anonymes - in French only    

Passeportsanté.net - in French only    

Regroupement des associations de parents PANDA du Québec - in French only    

Attention deficit disorder (Dr Annick Vincent)

     

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Language and speech impairment

Speech and language disorders are related to neurological disorders. These disorders include aphasia, dysphasia, audimutatis and brain dysfunction. These disorders result in persistent and significant difficulties in communicating.

Source : AQICESH

 

Useful links

Association parole-bégaiement (APB) - in French only

Association québécoise de la dysphasie - in French only 

Canadian Association of Speech-Language Pathologists & Audiologists (CASLPA)

Quebec association for persons with aphasia - association québécoise des personnes aphasiques (AQPA)

Centre d'évaluation neuropsychologique et d'orientation pédagogique (CENOP) - in French only

Clinique d'évaluation neuropsychologique et des troubles d'apprentissage de Montréal (CENTAM) - website in French only; services offered in English

    

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Mental health disorder

Students frequently experience mental health disorders. The most common mental health disorders found among students include bipolar disorder, depression, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia and suicidal ideation. 

Source : Canadian Mental Health Association

 

This video was produced by the Comité Interordres (in French only).

   

Useful links

Action on mental illness (amiquébec)

Canadian Alliance on Mental Illness and Mental Health (CAMIMH)

Anxiety Disorders Association of Canada (ADAC)

Anxiety Disorders Association of Canada (ADAC) - Student section

Association canadienne des troubles anxieux - section étudiants

Canadian Health Mental Association (CMHA)

Canadian Health Mental Association (CMHA) -  Montreal Branch  - in French only 

Association québécoise de prévention du suicide (AQPS)  - in French only 

Quebec Anxiety, Depressive and Bipolar Disorders Support Association (Revivre)

Association québécoise pour la réadaptation psychosociale (AQRP) - in French only 

Mental Health Commission of Canada

Centre de prévention du suicide du Québec - in French only 

Mental Illness Foundation

Quebec Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Foundation (QOCFD)

The Canadian Mental Health Association's guide " Your Education, Your future"

Ministère de la santé et des services sociaux - mental health section

Schizophrenia Society of Canada

Société québécoise de la schizophrénie (SQS) - in French only 

  

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Pervasive developmental disorder

There are five kinds of pervasive development disorders (PDDs): autistic disorder, Asperger's disorder, Rett's disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive development disorder not otherwise specified (also called atypical autism). 

Source : Autism Society Canada

 

This video was produced by the Comité Interordres (in French only).

    

Useful links

Canadian Alliance on Mental Illness and Mental Health (CAMIMH)

Autisme et troubles envahissants du développement Montréal (ATEDM)

Centre de réadaptation en déficience intellectuelle et en troubles envahissants du développement (CRDITED) - in French only

Centre d'évaluation neuropsychologique et d'orientation pédagogique (CENOP) - in French only

Fédération québécoise de l'autisme (FQA) - in French only

Autisme Society Canada

  

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